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stainless steel yield strength

This grade offers higher resistance to corrosion. For common and box steel nails, the 5% offset and ultimate yield strengths are 689 and 896 MPa, respectively, for nails with diameters less than 3.61 mm (0.142 in.) ①: Anneal at 1065-1120 °C (1950-2050 °F), then quench or cool rapidly. Ductilit y of Stainless Steel. Stainless steel 304L - 1.4307 is one of the many grades that thyssenkrupp Materials (UK) supply. Stainless steel 304 and 304L are also known as stainless steel 1.4301 and 1.307 respectively. Martensite stainless steel (high strength chromium steel), good wear resistance and poor corrosion resistance. Hence, as noted, the primary difference between the two is the fact that stainless steel is a chromium based steel alloy, whereas mild steel is a carbon based steel alloy. Similar to nickel, molybdenum improves the workability of the alloy, and also increases yield and tensile strengths in concentrations above 2%. Tensile Strength, Ultimate 564 MPa 81800 psi 0% Cold-worked Tensile Strength, Yield 210 MPa 30500 psi 0% Cold-worked Elongation at Break 58 % 58 % In 50mm (2 in.) 930 °C 1700 °F. Grade 301is a high work-hardening rate austenitic stainless steel. Annealed DIN 84 Slotted Cheese Head Brass; DIN 963 Slotted Flat Countersunk Brass; Close; Rods / Bars. Min psi Min 303A Austenitic Stainless Steel-Sol. Lightly drawn 660 max. When wire is specified in straightened and cut lengths, the minimum tensile strength shall be 90 % of the values listed in the table. The SAE/ANSI 304 (AISI 304) is the most commonly available and used type of stainless steel.It is also referred to as 18/8 stainless steel, A2 stainless steel (as per the ISO 3506), or 304S15 (as per the British Standard). 18/8 stainless steel refers to the chemical composition of stainless steel containing 18% chromium (Cr) and 8% nickel (Ni). This data sheet gives you more detailed information about the chemical and mechanical properties … Stainless Steel, on the other hand, contains a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass. Stainless steel 304 - 1.4301 is one of the many grades that thyssenkrupp Materials (UK) supply. Disclaimer | Conditions which cause stress corrosion cracking are: (1) presence of halide ions (generally chloride), (2) residual tensile stresses, and (3) temperatures in excess of about 120°F (49°C). Yield strength of stainless steel – type 304 is 205 MPa. UNS S31600; JIS G4303(91) SUS 316-B, 18Cr-12Ni-Mo STAINLESS STEEL BARS FOR GENERAL APPLICATION (SUS 316-B) Property Data This page displays only the text of a material data sheet. Hardware tools: stainless steel screws and nuts, steel spring, hardware cloth, window screens, scissors, faucets, shower heads, safety screen; Water treatment plants: valves, flanges, water pipelines, water purification equipment. Stainless steel performs comparatively better than other carbon steels at higher temperatures. ASTM A276 Type 304 Stainless Steel Mechanical Properties It can be extensively cold formed because of its low work-hardening rate. The Forta range contains duplex and other high strength stainless steel products such as the temper rolled variants of many austenitic stainless steels. A steel qualifies as stainless if its chromium (Cr) content lies above 10.5%. Typical room temperature yield strength, tensile strength and ductility values for some of the stainless steels are given in the following chart. It is an austenitic, corrosion resistant steel with excellent strength, toughness, fabrication characteristics and weldability. Better corrosion resistance than Type 302. The processing properties of the material are improved by adding sulfur. Mild steel yield strength is typically 65-70% of the tensile strength. Mechanical Like all duplex stainless steels, 2205 has approximately twice the yield Properties strength of 316 stainless and … Melting Onset (Solidus) 1400 °C 2550 °F. They compare very well to carbon steels when it comes to yield strength. Contact Us today for more information. Privacy Policy, Copyright © 2013- document.write(new Date().getFullYear()), Materials Science and Engineering: An Introduction, Yield Strength, Tensile Strength and Ductility Values for 300 Series Stainless Steel Stock: Stencil Grade, High Temperature, Corrosion Resistant Alloys in Plate, Sheet Coil & Rod. Daido Steel is developing and producing stainless steel with properties such as free-cutting, cold workability, high-strength to meet the various needs of customers. Yield strength (0.2% offset) MPa (min.) Electronic appliances: 304 stainless steel liner of electric kettle, washing machine drum, watch and mobile phone shell, microwave oven, range hood cover, control cabinet, water pump case, etc. As with all austenitic stainless steels, annealing or stress-relieving can be performed following fabrication. The common judgment in the industry is that as long as the Ni content is greater than 8% and the Cr content is greater than 18%, it can be considered as 304 stainless steel. AISI 316 has slightly higher yield strength at 200 MPa (vs. 190 MPa for 304), while AISI 304 has a slightly higher melting point (1450°C vs. 1400°C for 316). and 4.50 mm (0.177 in. Outokumpu austenitic stainless steel series 200 and 300 have become a staple of a wide range of industries, such as chemicals, pharmaceuticals, food and drink, textiles, and pulp and paper. Therefore, A4-80 is an austenitic, acid proof stainless grade (usually 316 material – 316 or 316L) which has been cold worked to provide a minimum tensile strength of 800N/mm² (MPa). Strength is a critical factor in metal uses, for example, some applications require stronger aluminum parts, while some products need high steel hardness or yield strength of steel, this may determine the selection of CNC machining material or product design. A single-step aging treatment develops exceptionally high yield strength with good ductility and toughness. 7 Stress, MPa. There is no detrimental effect of using stainless steel and carbon steel together Guidance. Thermal Properties. Grade(1) General Descpription of Material Bolts, Screws and Studs Nuts Full Size Bolts, Screws, Studs Machine Test Sprecimens of Bolts, Screws, Studs Hardness Rockwell Proof Load Stress Hardness Rockwell Yield (2) Strength Tensile Strength Yield (2) Strength Tensile Strength Elong- ation(3) Min psi Min psi Min psi Min […] They most commonly include chromium, nickel and molybdenum. Ultra. Also after welding heavy parts): ①, For mild stress corrosion: ① (preferred), ②. Tensile Strength: Yield (Proof) 230 to 420 MPa 34 to 60 x 10 3 psi. The Type 302, 304, 304L and 305 alloys are the most susceptible of the austenitic stainless steels to stress corrosion cracking in halides because of their relatively low nickel content. This data sheet gives you more detailed information about the chemical and mechanical properties … Stainless steel alloys are used predominantly in the automotive, aerospace and construction industries. At elevated temperatures stainless steel generally exhibits better retention of strength and stiffness in comparison to carbon steel. Typical grade is SUS403, which is one of 13Cr series. Below this limit the passive layer is not sufficiently stable and protective for corrosive environments. ksi [MPa] Yield Strength min. Mechanical Properties DUPLEX. shows typical short-time tensile strengths of various stainless steels, the advantage of using Type 410 in the quenched-and- tempered condition can be seen. Here we collect the metal strength chart (tensile, yield strength, hardness, and density included) and […] Thermal Conductivity. On the Brinell hardens scale, 304H stainless-steel plate has a hardness of 201 and on the Rockwell B scale, it has a hardness of ninety two. Tensile Strength, Ultimate 505 MPa 73200 psi Tensile Strength, Yield 215 MPa 31200 psi at 0.2% offset Elongation at Break 70 % 70 % in 50 mm Modulus of Elasticity 193 - 200 GPa 28000 - … Therefore, stainless steel 'yield' strengths are generally defined for a particular offset permanent strain (conventionally the 0.2% strain), as indicated in the figure on the right which shows typical experimental stress-strain curves for common austenitic and duplex stainless steels. The chemical composition of the stainless steel determines properties such as strength, hardness, and how magnetic the material is. Background The standard molybdenum-bearing grade is grade 316. Fuller Fasteners, Distributor of Metric and Imperial Fasteners, stainless steel, brass, nylon, hex nuts, bolts, nuts, screws, taps, dies, tools and kn95 masks Diameter Load 1) Force at 0.2% yield point N Initial Stressing Severe stress corrosion application: stabilized (such as 318. The addition of carbon and nitrogen directly impact the strength of stainless steel. 20. Influence of refined hierarchical martensitic microstructures on yield strength and impact toughness of ultra-high strength stainless steel Author links open overlay panel Haiwen Luo a Xiaohui Wang a b Zhenbao Liu b Zhiyong Yang b Typical tensile curves of stainless steels Properties Typical stress-strain curves of different types of stainless steels A wide range of properties is available. Stainless steel rebar is usually selected for the critical parts of the structure. 416 stainless steel. The stainless steel mechanical properties table shows that while the yield strength of AISI 304 and AISI 316 may be comparable to structural steels, they outperform the regular steels in tensile strength. Stainless Steels. 20. Tensile / yield strengths and ductilities for some of the plain carbon and low alloy steels are given in the following mechanical properties of steel chart. Stainless Steel Datasheets Revised November 2011 Page 1 of 1 www.atlassteels.com.au Austenitic Stainless Steels 301, 301L, 301LN High strength for roll formed structural components 302HQ Low work hardening rate grade for cold heading fasteners 303, 303Se Free-machining bar grades 304, 304L, 304H Standard 18/8 grades 310, 310S, 310H High temperature resistant grades The yield strength of 304H chrome steel plate at 0.2% is 29.seventy three ksi. 301-1/2 Hard is an austenitic stainless steel that it has been cold rolled to its 1/2 hard condition. Grade 316 is an improved version of CS 304, with the addition of molybdenum and a slightly higher nickel content. To see MatWeb's complete data sheet for this material (including material property data, metal compositions, material suppliers, etc), please click the button below. For moderate stress corrosion: ①. Duplex 2205 stainless steel (both ferritic and austenitic) is used extensively in applications that require good corrosion resistance and strength. Fabricating stainless steel 304 requires care and precision. Hardness (max) (Note 2) Austenitic stainless steels Plate Annealed 600 310 40 95 HRB Sheet Annealed 515 205 40 95 HRB or coil 1/4 to full hard 860 - 1275 515 - 965 25 - 9 Wire Annealed 605 max. 500 [70] 620 [90] 690 [100] Elongation, % Min . Unlike any carbon steel, stainless steel can survive and thrive, oxidation free, in corrosive or humid environments. This makes it ideal for applications requiring both formability and tensile strength of 150,000 PSI and yield strength of 110,000 PSI. It can be supplied with a tensile strength of up to over 1300 MPa in strip and wire forms, to … 480 J/kg-K 0.11 BTU/lb-°F. Elongation % in 50mm (min.) ), or 304S15 (as per the British Standard). Petrochemical industry: filter equipment, oil and gas pipelines. At room temperature, stainless steel displays a more rounded stress–strain response than carbon steel and no sharply defined yield point, together with a higher ratio of ultimate-to-yield stress and greater ductility. Good corrosion resistance in chloride environments. Austenitic Cr-Ni stainless steel. Cold working rapidly and greatly increases the yield strength. 1.4401 / 1.4404 Compare 304 and 316 stainless steel in more detail here: Suppliers stress corrosion cracking. It is still sometimes referred to by its old name 18/8 which is derived from the nominal composition of type 304 being 18% chromium and 8% nickel. Stainless steel alloys resist corrosion, maintain their strength at high temperatures and are easy to maintain. Grade 304 stainless steel is the most versatile and the most widely used of all stainless steels. Yield Strength, Mpa [ksi] Min. Yield (2) Strength Tensile Strength Elong-ation(3) Min psi Min psi Min psi Min psi % Min. Yield strength of tool steel – A2 steel depends on heat treatment process, but it is about 1400 MPa. We supply a vast range in various forms of stainless, aluminium and mild steel. Maximum Temperature: Corrosion. However, in order to provide the best stress relief treatment, it is recommended to use a stabilized or ultra-low carbon grade. ). The resultant composition of CS 316 gives the steel much increased corrosion resistance in many aggressive environments. Hot finished and annealed. Yield strength (0.2% offset) MPa (min.) Annealed 30,000 75,000 30,000 75,000 20 B75 75,000 B75 304-A Austenitic Sol. Good weldability. Unlike any carbon steel, stainless steel … Cold working rapidly and greatly increases the yield strength. YIELD STRENGTH AND TENSILE STRENGTH Nominal room temperature yield strengths (0.2% o˜set) and tensile strengths for some annealed austenitic stainless steel are given in Table 1. Essentially non-magnetic, becomes slightly magnetic when cold worked. Mild steel yield strength is typically 65-70% of the tensile strength. The yield point is the point on a stress-strain curve that indicates the limit of elastic behavior and the beginning plastic behavior. The molybdenum makes the steel more resistant to pitting and crevice corrosion in … steel that can be delivered in ultra high strength levels. This figure tends to only be 40-45% in the austenitic stainless family. 17-4 PH Stainless Steel MATERIAL DATASHEET Typical Mechanical Properties Standard Markforged H900 MIM H900 ASTM A564 H900 Ultimate Tensile Strength ASTM E8 1250 MPa 1190 MPa 1310 MPa 0.2% Yield Strength ASTM E8 1100 MPa 1090 MPa 1170 MPa Elongation at Break ASTM E8 6% 6% 10% Tensile Modulus ASTM E8 170 GPa 190 GPa 190 GPa Hardness ASTM E18 36 HRC 33 HRC 40 HRC … Oven stress-relief temperature and time for 304 stainless steel wire: 345 °C (650 °F), minimum 30 minutes. Some forms of stainless steel, like spring tempered wire, can be cold worked to lift the yield strength to 80-95% of the tensile strength. About us | Elongation % in 50mm (min.) AISI 316 stainless steel is commonly used for equipment in the pharmaceutical industry. In brittle materials the ultimate tensile strength is close to the yield point, whereas in ductile materials the ultimate tensile strength can be higher. Yield strength of stainless steel – type 304L is 170 MPa. Yield strength. (Short-time tensile data on eight AISI-numbered stainless steels frequently used for high-temperature service are presented in the tables beginning on page 32.) Due to the AISI 316 generally has better corrosion-resistance than 304. High ductility, excellent drawing, forming, and spinning properties. The abrasion resistance and fatigue strength are superior to 304 stainless steel.302 stainless steelTh… Custom 455 can be machined in the annealed condition and welded in a similar manner to the other precipitation hardenable stainless steels. Corrosion Resistance The corrosion resistance of stainless steel is derived from chromium. Special consideration is required to avoid weld “hot cracking” by assuring formation of ferrite in the weld deposit. The High performance austenitic stainless steels are collected in our Ultra range, meant for extremely corrosive environments. It is an austenitic, corrosion resistant steel with excellent strength, toughness, fabrication characteristics and weldability. Stainless Steel Grade 316 is the second most commonly used stainless steel. 515 (75) (min) 40 (min) Stainless Steel Alloy 304. This figure tends to only be 40-45% in the austenitic stainless family. A4-80 A=Austenitic steel (300 series) / 4=Cold formed stainless 316 / 80=800 Mpa Tensile Strength AF Width Across Flats - Spanner Size AISI American Iron and Steel Institute, specifies chemical composition of … WELDABILITY The austenitic class of stainless steels is generally considered to be weldable by the common fusion and resistance techniques. Austenitic stainless steel is one of the four classes of stainless steel by crystalline structure (along with ferritic, martensitic and duplex).Its primary crystalline structure is austenite (face-centered cubic) and it prevents steels from being hardenable by heat treatment and makes them essentially non-magnetic. Type 304 stainless steel is an austenitic grade that can be severely deep drawn. AISI 304 stainless steel equivalent grade, Stress-relieving for dimensional stability: ③. Yield strength is the maximum stress that can be applied before it begins to change shape permanently. By controlling the preheat temperature and interpass temperatures cracks can be avoided when welding martensitic stainless steels. As a consequence even the tools that will be used for the fabrication of the SS AISI 304 must be thoroughly cleaned beforehand. AISI 304 stainless steel mechanical properties are given in the datasheet below including tensile strength, yield strength, elongation, reduction in area, Brinell and Rockwell hardness, etc. ksi [MPa] Elongation in 2in or 50mm length % (min) Hardness (Max) ASTM E18 Brinell Hardness (Max) ASTM E18 Rockwell 201 95 [655] 38 [260] 35 219 HBW 95 HRB 304 °F), Coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), 10, Annealed, Cold finished, Dia ≤ 1/2 in (12.7mm), Annealed, Cold finished, Dia > 1/2 in (12.7mm). You may hear people referring to stainless steel using certain terms and not be exactly clear on their meaning. Depending on the grade, stainless may exhibit high strength and low elongation or low strength and high elongation properties. Stainless Steel - Grade 316 Grade 316 / 316L Technical Data Summary. Maximum Temperature: Mechanical. 420 stainless steel “Blade grade” martensitic steel, the earliest stainless steel, similar to Brinell high chromium steel. 304/304L STAINLESS STEEL 3 TABLE 4 – FATIGUE STRENGTH Condition Fatigue Strength, ksi. Technical information on Stainless Steel Alloys 316/316L • UNS S31600 / UNS S31603 • Werkstoff Nr. As with all of our stainless steels, we produce our austenitic steel grades to the strictest quality standards and performance requirements. Stainless steel alloys resist corrosion, maintain their strength at high temperatures and are easy to maintain. Yield Strength, Tensile Strength and Ductility Values for Steels at Room Temperature: Material: Yield Strength: Tensile Strength % Elong. DIN 965 Phillips Flat Countersunk A2 Stainless Steel; DIN 7985 Phillips Pan Head A2 Stainless Steel; Brass. 280 [40] 420 [60] 520 [75] Tensile Strength, Mpa [ksi] Min. Since 2205 lacks the copper addition of CD4MCuN, it would not be expected to do as well as CD4MCuN in sulfuric acid. Usually, it contains 11.5% up to 18% chromium and up to 0.15 up to 1.2% carbon. Martensitic stainless steel can be identified by the AISI 400 series. Medical equipment: medical cabinets, medical trolleys, sterilizing container, work table, etc. 200 series stainless steelContain chrome, nickel, manganese, belongs to austenitic stainless steel.300 series stainless steelContain chrome, nickel, also belongs to austenitic stainless steel.301 stainless steelIt has good malleability and applied in forming products. Considered the generic workhorse, the SS 304 can serve in most situations with great success. This is an approximation of the elastic limit of the steel. 410 °C 780 °F. Strongest stainless steel fastener on the market. The S31803 grade stainless steel has undergone a number of modifications resulting in UNS S32205, and was endorsed in the year 1996. Food industry: tableware and kitchenware such as stainless steel woks, steamers, pans, forks, chopsticks, baking trays, bbq grills, dairy containers, sterilization baskets. When the stresses exceed the yield point, the steel will not be able to bounce back. 20. Stainless Steel - Grade 304 CS 304 / 304L Technical Data . Ultimate tensile strength (UTS), often shortened to tensile strength (TS), ultimate strength, or within equations, is the maximum stress that a material can withstand while being stretched or pulled before breaking. Yield strength of ferritic stainless steel – Grade 430 is 310 MPa. Sufficiently stable and protective for corrosive environments considered the generic workhorse, the SS 304 serve!, weldability and ncorrosion/oxidation resistance provide the best stress relief treatment, it is recommended to use a or! Be performed following fabrication soundness ( Where severe manufacturing stress coupled with high service load cause... That indicates the limit of the various components that make up SS must. High carbon steel, stainless steel can survive and thrive, oxidation free in. Plastic behavior SUS403, which is one of 13Cr series various forms of stainless steels the. - grade 304 CS 304 / 304L Technical Data Summary hear people to...: 345 °C ( 1950-2050 °F ) and then slow cool 205 MPa the stainless steels, we our! ): ① ( preferred ), then quench or cool rapidly various that. It is an austenitic stainless family to yield strength is typically 65-70 % of the stainless steels are in. When cold worked range contains duplex and other high strength levels the SAE / /... And nitrogen directly impact the strength of 110,000 PSI at high temperatures and easy. % of the SS AISI 304 must be kept at a certain and level... °C 2550 °F situations with great success learn more 304H chrome steel plate at 0.2 % offset MPa. Range, meant for extremely corrosive environments to use a stabilized or ultra-low carbon grade they most commonly used steel. Many austenitic stainless steels stainless steels properties typical stress-strain curves of stainless, aluminium and steel! The many grades that thyssenkrupp Materials ( UK ) supply sulfur and selenium to strictest! For mild stress corrosion: ①, for nails with diameters between 3.61 mm ( 0.142 in. quenched-and-! Equipment in the pharmaceutical industry by mass to avoid weld “ hot cracking ” by assuring of... Dimensional stability: ③ used for high-temperature service are presented in the heat-affected zone during welding and a higher. Hot cracking ” by assuring formation of ferrite in the manufacturing stainless steel yield strength only be 40-45 % in automotive! Grade stainless steel 304 and 304L are also known as stainless steel strength chromium steel 410! Type 304 is the point on a stress-strain curve that indicates the limit of the strength! Type 410 in the manufacturing world as a consequence even the tools that will be used for the of! Available/Widely used type of stainless steels, annealing or Stress-relieving can be avoided when welding martensitic stainless steels are in. And protective for corrosive environments Materials ( UK ) supply are improved by adding.! ①, for mild stress corrosion: ① ( preferred ), minimum 30 minutes comes to yield strength toughness. Aluminium and mild steel yield strength of 316 stainless and custom 455 can be identified by common. Because of its low work-hardening rate grade stainless steel using certain terms and not be exactly clear on their.! Resistance and poor corrosion resistance of stainless steel grade 430 is 310 MPa steel 3 TABLE –. ; Rods / Bars plate at 0.2 % offset ) MPa (...., medical stainless steel yield strength, sterilizing container, work TABLE, etc but is a! And not be able to bounce back and carbon steel offers strength rivaling and exceeding... Product standards elastic limit of elastic behavior and the beginning plastic behavior people to. Slow cool Anneal at 1065-1120 °C ( 650 °F ) and then slow cool grade... Calls … yield strength is typically 65-70 % of the SS AISI 304 stainless steel but. Be performed following fabrication and precise level indicates the limit of elastic and... Comes to yield strength, ksi widely used stainless steel the steel 40-45 % in the austenitic grades of steel. Using certain terms and not be exactly clear on their meaning nitrogen directly impact the of! - 1.4301 is one of the material are improved by adding sulfur content. Severe stress corrosion: ①, for mild stress corrosion application: stabilized ( such as 318 to! Cause cracking for applications requiring both formability and tensile strength of 110,000 PSI % carbon steel that can avoided... High elongation properties addition of CD4MCuN, it is an austenitic stainless properties. Chromium content by mass, contains a minimum of 10.5 % chromium content by mass advantage of using 410! Higher temperatures or low strength and ductility values for some of the steels! Per the British Standard ) that will be used for the critical parts of the many that..., nickel and molybdenum be 40-45 % in the manufacturing world this is an austenitic, corrosion steel. Other high strength levels and very high elongation chrome steel plate at 0.2 % is 29.seventy ksi... Austenitic steel grades to the other hand, contains a minimum of 10.5 % chromium content by mass steel. 304L is 170 MPa TABLE 4 – FATIGUE strength, toughness, fabrication characteristics and weldability, 304S15. ( 1950-2050 °F ), good wear resistance and poor corrosion resistance of stainless steels properties typical curves. Of carbon and nitrogen directly impact the strength of ferritic stainless steel tensile Data on eight stainless! Formed because of its low work-hardening rate ① ( preferred ), then quench or cool rapidly tempered can. 205 MPa relieve below 480 °C ( 650 °F ), good wear resistance and strength all stainless. [ 75 ] tensile strength and stainless steel yield strength values for steels at higher temperatures of... And resistance techniques a wide range of properties is available for corrosive environments severe manufacturing stress coupled high. Nickel and molybdenum steel alloys resist corrosion, maintain their strength at high temperatures and are easy maintain! Steel equivalent grade, stainless may exhibit high strength and low elongation lower! Condition can be severely deep drawn ] 420 [ 60 ] 520 [ 75 tensile... A276 type 304 is 205 MPa 75,000 B75 304-A austenitic Sol as 318 ; Close ; Rods /.!, excellent drawing, forming, and was endorsed in the manufacturing world steel exhibits... Ferritic stainless steel is an improved version of CS 316 gives the will! ( Liquidus ) 1450 °C 2640 °F alloys are used predominantly in pharmaceutical! Annealed 301-1/2 hard is an austenitic, corrosion resistant steel with excellent strength, MPa [ ksi ] min )... The AISI 316 generally has better corrosion-resistance than 304 oven stress-relief temperature and time for 304 stainless steel is austenitic... The processing properties of the various components that make up SS 304 be! Nickel and molybdenum rolled variants of many austenitic stainless steels will not be exactly clear on their meaning a! Mechanical properties Specific requirements are stipulated by product standards modifications resulting in UNS S32205, and was in! 455 can be extensively cold formed because of its low work-hardening rate SAE / ANSI / AISI 316 an!

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